Introduction to Roulette

Roulette game is synonymous with the casino term, to an extent where the very mention of the word, casino, conjures up the image of a Roulette wheel. It is a relatively simple and easily playable game, which is purely based on luck.


The origins of the Roulette game date back to the 17th Century when the French mathematician and scientist Blaise Pascal invented the Roulette wheel while trying to come up with the perpetual motion machine.

The game which is today known as the European Roulette having a single zero compartment was introduced by two Frenchmen, Francois and Louis Blanc in the 19th century.

Elements of Roulette

Basically, the Roulette game consists of two components, namely the Wheel and the board.

The Roulette Wheel

It is the heart of the Roulette game setup, where a rotating wheel is fixed on a circular base, which is divided into 37 or 38 compartments based on the variation of the game played and are coloured red and black alternatively, while the zero compartments are painted green. During every round, the wheel is rotated by the dealers and a ball is spun in the opposite direction of the wheel on the outer rim of the base.

The Roulette Board

Roulette’s board is a long checkerboard with red and black coloured boxes with other boxes on the side. The coloured number boxes are laid out in three across and twelve down rows with the zero boxes at the top. The colours of these numbers on the board correspond to the colour of these numbers on the wheel.

The Gameplay

The game starts with the players placing bets on the number into which they predict the ball will land. Once all the players have completed placing their wagers the croupier spins the wheel and introduces a ball spinning in the opposite direction of the wheel, midway through the wheel’s rotation.

As the wheel comes to rest the ball will come to rest in one of the compartments and the winning bets are paid while losing bets are collected by the house, completing the round of the game.

Variations of Roulette

The Roulette game is available in three major types i.e. European, American and French Roulette.

The European and French variations consist of 37 numbered divisions, with numbers 1 to 36 and a single zero compartment. However, the main difference between these versions is that the French Roulette has ‘La Partage’ and ‘En Prison’ rules in which the former rule pays back half of the even/odds bets of players when the ball lands in a zero position.

The American version has 38 compartments and consists of 1 to 36 numbered compartments along with a single zero and double zero divisions, with the extra compartment meaning an increased house edge.

Types of Bets

The Roulette game allows players to place bets on the inside of the numbered grid of the Roulette table and is known as the ‘inside bets’.

The outside bets are placed outside the numbered grid, on a combination of numbers.

The pay-out odds vary for each type of bet, for example, the payout odds for a single number bet is 35 to 1.

As the game is one of chance, the bankroll management aspect increases the possibility of profitable Roulette gameplay.


Name: Introduction to Roulette
Author : Olivia Williams
Published Date: 17/02/2019